Another good choice is to use an African violet mix. Potting and repotting are best done in spring, just before the start of the growing season. A popular house plant, the Dieffenbachia plant has an upright, bushy growth form. I am new to growing indoor plants and I’m not sure if this is normal or not? Of all my plant’s, I find the diffenbachia plant the most beautiful, yet challenging to grow! Twice a week? This plant is a member of the family Araceae, and is also known as dumb cane. It is one stock. Mix 1 part of coffee ground to 3 parts of garden soil or potting mix for best results. I am very careful about the watering, so I don't think that is the problem. Philodendron One of the most popular varieties of house plant, philodendrons (Philodendron) come in a wide variety of shapes, sizes and foliage color. The leaves are going yellow and brown at the tips and ends and the new leaves are spouting looking yellow and unheathly. This also depends on the growing season. Dieffenbachia dyrkes på grund af de brogede blade, der kan variere meget med hensyn til blad tegninger og grønne og lyse farvenuancer. On the other hand, there are also very large varieties you can find, such as Dieffenbachia amoena. Mix 1 part of coffee ground to 3 parts of garden soil or potting mix for best results. Robinson, in Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Third Edition), 2014. Red spider mites can often be found on the undersides of leaves during this period. It is fairly easy to grow, and makes a great addition to your collection of indoor plants. This attractive and easy-care … However, even with this downside, the Dieffenbachia is a very beautiful plant you will love to grown in your home. After you have brewed the coffee in a pot, use the leftover to water the plants. It’s also possible to use stem cuttings for propagating your Dieffenbachia plant. It can tolerate low light, but its growth will slow dramatically. Dieffenbachia plants are beautiful and many home gardeners choose them for their homes. my plant is growing and the new leaves are more white in the middle then the old ones. Coffee grounds are a good source of nitrogen, encourage the growth of the beneficial microorganisms in the soil, and help plants that prefer acidic growing medium. They suck juices from the plant. Also, about how much water and how often for a 2-1/2 foot plant. To maintain a healthy plant you should be giving indirect bright light.. Keep it away from direct sunlight during the middle of the day and early afternoon when the suns is at its hottest. Add coffee grounds in the potting mix or simply sprinkle a solution of coffee and water for lush growth. It may also need a larger pot. Most of the diseases dieffenbachia refers to a group of fungal, the most common of them: Leaf spot, causing the appearance on the edge of the leaves, especially the lower, small brown spots with an orange border, gradually capturing the surface of the entire leaf plate. When it's young, Dieffenbachia is an attractive ground cover, but it can reach heights of five feet or more if it has suitable conditions and a large enough container. Should I cut at least one stem at about 6 inches from the ground or wait? Dieffenbachia sequine is a robust and easy to grow houseplant. What can often make a problem is not the pot size itself but the plant size making the plant top heavy. You can use this cutting to start a new plant. My friend said it should be trimmed. During the winter months you should not fertilize at all – this is when you should water only, and make sure to reduce even that one. Before you start, you need to know that there are many varieties of the “dumbcane” plants on the market. They are sturdy, thick-stemmed plants with colorful, oblong, pointed, glabrous leaves which are generally green and cream colored. It’s also vital to keep it away from children and pets. I have forced air heat. One great news about all home gardeners is that “Dieffs” can easily be grown indoors for years. Problems with dieffenbachia plant can be easily overcome in most situations. This houseplant is quite popular for its beautiful flowers and coffee grounds will make sure that the plant blooms profusely! If you notice brown spots, make sure to stop fertilizing for a while or increase watering (depending on the problem causing brown spots). Environmental Agents. I cut them off. . The choice is all yours and it depends on your preferences. These plants are often grown because of their unique, striking foliage. The coffee grounds can also be used as an organic matter. This plant is also known as “dumb cane” on the market. Sometimes, it’s difficult to tell a difference between brown spots and problems caused by bacteria. Good Morning, I have a Dieffenbachia plant that is 13 feet tall. Popular for thin, variegated, spider-like foliage, this air-purifying houseplant does well in mild-acidic soil. Dieffenbachia is one of those stately looking indoor plants with very large leaves that are variegated. When growing in nature, Dieffenbachia seguine (which is what yours probably is) snake along the ground with only the last couple of feet pointing up. Keep in mind that ingesting it can cause a temporary inability to speak. This disease occurs primarily on plants grown in or on the ground in south Florida. Keep in mind that bacteria can spread quickly across the stems and leaves. Soil Requirements. When not working, I love digging in my garden. If left unpruned, the plant will resemble a palm tree. Bacterial infections can pose a serious issue for your plant, and they can even make it rot. Could there be a mite problem, I … To propagate, cut off the topshoot. Many plants contain rough hairs or large calcium oxalate crystals (Dieffenbachia, Caladium, and Philodendron spp. I can produce pictures if wanted. Finding the right balance of, watering, light, and humidity, is the key to successfully growing any plant. Gardeners living in zones 11 and 12 can grow dieffenbachia outdoors in partial shade, where it … There are many compact forms that rarely need to be cut back, growing to only 12 inches tall; they make wonderful accent plants and some are low-growing enough to be used as tall groundcovers. To propagate, place stem cuttings on their side, wish about half of the stem buried in the soil. It’s a perennial plant and most cultivars have white speckles on the leaves, though not all cultivars have this feature. Your email address will not be published. There are several things that can cause them. Seriously: it’s not so difficult to stick to the warning; it’s just important to make sure children and pets can’t reach your Dieffenbachia to “try it”. Tips for Pruning Your Dieffenbachia Plant. Though keep in mind that jade plants dislike overwatering. Coffee grounds are great for nitrogen loving plants. The name comes from the plant’s toxic sap. 8 ounces of water? Help, not sure what to do. Jade plants love coffee as they like nitrogen. You will see the leaves becoming smelly and steamy and stems becoming soft. Planterne bliver normalt mellem 40 og 150 cm høje. Overwatering is a common problem with many houseplants and the dieffenbachia houseplant is no exception. The pot will drain. Schott (Araceae). It will do well on a kitchen window, for example. Can someone tell me why my dieffenbachia plant has a strong smell and a white thing growing in the middle with seeds? It can make it sickly and weak. Using one cup per week for plants like impatiens, orchids, dieffenbachia, and African violets is a good way to help them grow well. The name comes from the plants toxic sap. Outdoors, acid-loving plants like azaleas, rhododendrons, Siberian iris, lupine, and any pine trees or shrubs will do fine with if periodically watered with cold coffee. I don’t want it to suffer more. Dieffenbachia is originally from the tropical rain forests South and Central America such as Brazil, Ecuador and Costa Rica. It is 4′ tall measuring the top leaves. Using it in the soil helps in reducing plant diseases and pests while improving water retention. Both varieties can easily be grown indoors. Just keep it in bright light and the plant will thrive. This low-maintenance plant enjoys an occasional coffee treat. If this is the case for your Dieffenbachia, make sure to use a cachepot to stabilize the top heavy plant. It was left in the hot sun, wind and rain for days. First of all: what parts of the plant are poisonous? Apart from that, you can always side-dress your plants with used coffee grounds. Dieffenbachia og kalla hører til samme familie, nemlig arumfamilien. It has invaded intact forest ecosystems in Samoa and become widely naturalized where planted as an ornamental. This is only to be done with soil that does not have any plants in them yet, since mixing the grounds and soil deeply would cause physical damage to the root system of your plant. I understand I can propagate the cut piece. Bacteria grow well in humid, wet conditions. Dieffenbachia is an attractive plant with large leaves and it is fairly easy to keep and grow once it has been acclimated to your home or office environment. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This is why it’s always important to monitor your plant for any sign of infection. Soda bottle planters are a good choice here. You need to understand this and to use all precautions if you wish to grow this beautiful plant in your home. The Dieffenbachia plant can do well outdoors, but it’s also easily grown indoors. The only thing you can do is to take a cutting, but only if you are sure that said part of the plant is healthy. Dieffenbachia is a genus that includes about 30 species of perennial tropical plants that are native to North and South America. Propagation with Dieffenbachia is usually done when a plant gets too big and leggy. You should keep the temperatures around 72 degree range, to accommodate the cuttings. Other cultivars can grow to be quite lar… plants should be pruned when they have shed enough of the leaves to expose the stems This is one of the main reasons for your plant not growing as much as it should. Dieffenbachia leaves and stems are poisonous if eaten. These can easily be rooted. I have a 4 ft. Dieffenbachia that has to be tie up at the top. As long as you stick to warnings and don’t allow anyone to ingest any part of this plant, it will bring beauty and happiness to your home. The color white brings peace... © 2020 Balcony Garden Web | All rights reserved, 10 Houseplants that Love Coffee | Coffee Grounds for Plant Growth, Check out our article on using coffee grounds for gardening, all you need to know on how to make a Christmas cactus bloom, Check out our article on growing pothos indoors, all you need to know about growing Philodendron, Check out our article on growing African Violets, all the information you need on making roses bloom, Check out our article on growing Jade Plants, are the different types of snake plants you can grow, Check out our article on different types of spider plants, 20 Edible Balcony Garden Pictures for Ideas, 15 Old Tea Tins Turned Into Fabulous Indoor Plant Homes, Staghorn Fern Care | How to Grow Staghorn Fern, Split-Leaf Philodendron Care | How to Grow Split-Leaf Philodendron, 14 Really Cute Tabletop Garden DIYs for 2021. It helps them to stay dark in color and encourage thick stem growth. Dieffenbachia plant in soil with gardening stylish tools, ground ,drainage and clay pots on wooden floor. for Your Garden. Another, shorter name for a Dieffenbachia plant is Dieff, and its often used because its easier to spell. Dieffenbachia / ˌ d iː f ɪ n ˈ b æ k i ə / is a genus of tropical flowering plants in the family Araceae. It’s best to use some type of a “mini greenhouse” for rooting. Discover (and save!) Once a week? Dieffenbachias, native from Costa Rica to Columbia, are found in many homes and offices. some of the lower leaves are turning yellow. Mealybugs and aphids may also pose a problem. © 2020 All Rights Reserved. It is a huge fan of nitrogen and acid so you can use a solution of coffee and water for best growth. Make sure to never expose it to very bright light. During the winter, all the watering should be reduced. Ideas and Inspiration Use half a cup of black coffee per plant, once in 2-3 weeks. A popular house plant, the Dieffenbachia plant has an upright, bushy growth form. They can often be found during dry, hot conditions indoors, particularly during the winter months. It is mainly grown as a houseplant for its beautiful variegated leaves. Take one part coffee to three parts of water to promote growth. There is one new leaf in it’s centre. Never put your Dieffenbachia somewhere where a child or a pet can reach it (and never underestimate kids and pets – they are curious and can reach places you wouldn’t think they can). Its leaves were damaged and turned brown. Dumb cane. Flickr photos, groups, and tags related to the "dieffenbachia" Flickr tag. Another false belief about Dieffenbachia's is that they need very little light. It’s best to use 2 parts peat moss and 1 part perlite. P.J. I have several speciesbof house plant’s, from Cacti and Succulents, to tropical plant’s such as different types of Dieff’s. Oct 23, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Amber. The plant will look like a bunch of stems with foliage up top. When deciding on how much to water your “Dieffs”, it’s important to keep in mind that they are from the aroid family. The similarity with Aglaonema ends as Dieffenbachia grows, and its clusters of leaves rise above the soil on stalks or canes (Alglaonema grows from a crown close to the soil). Make sure that the “eye” points upwards. My dieffenbachia plant is tall. Dieffenbachia is one of the most popular houseplants today, and for good reason: it's easy to care for. I don’t want to lose it because it isn’t getting something it needs? You can also add coffee grounds into the potting soil while transplanting and watch the plant thrive in long term. Check the soil to make sure it is dry an inch down before watering the dieffenbachia plant. Most people grow Dieffenbachia for their eye catching leaves. The Dieffenbachia plant likes a well-draining soil. Repotting. I’m a gardening enthusiast with over 25 years of experience. The coffee grounds can also be used as an organic matter. Another problem is the plant drying out too much between waterings. I am an avid indoor gardener and of all my plant’s I love the Diffenbachia plant the most. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This plant is also known as dumb cane on the market. There is one easy way to tell: with bacteria, the spots will be “wet” but with brown spots condition, the spotting will be dry. deserves a role in a mystery novel. Plant the dumbcane in a well-draining soil and water lightly, keeping the soil consistently moist, but not soggy. How come it won’t say up? Using one cup per week for plants like impatiens, orchids, dieffenbachia, and African violets is a good way to help them grow well. Some varieties are very small, almost dwarf. For some reason, cats like them, but you should never allow them to eat the leaves. Coffee Grounds. The leaves are striking, in variegated patterns of green, white and yellow. The stem between the earth and the leaves is about one foot. Dieffenbachias come in a number of cultivars with different sizes, colors, and variegation patterns. Therefore, it’s important not to play with this plant! The genus Dieffenbachia was named after Herr Joseph Dieffenbach, head gardener and later administrator, at the Royal Palace Gardens Schönbrunn, Vienna during the 1830s. Watering. The name “dumb cane” comes from the fact that the plant’s leaves contain raphides, which can poison you and leave you unable to speak for a period of time. Typically, roots will start forming in about 2 to 4 weeks. My Dieffenbachia was taken out on the balcony – 3 of its Stems were pulled out with the roots. Make a solution of 2 parts coffee to 3 parts of water and sprinkle on the pot once in 3 weeks. When handling the plant, avoid getting any of the sap in your eyes or mouth. It’s always best to wear gloves when working on this plant. Unfortunately, if your plant does get bacteria, there is no much that can be done. You can aid in dense growth by watering the cyclamen frequently in the flowering season with water and coffee solution. DIEFFENBACHIA. i would like to know if I can put my diffenbachia in a terra cotta pot. The stem lays on the ground and is green, leafless and as firm as a garden hose so they will almost always flop over once they get somewhere around 4 … They can easily reach a height of about 4 to 5 feet (if you don’t choose the dwarf variety). Make sure to never overpot your Dieffenbachia plant! stryknin. Thank you. If ingested, it can paralyze the voice, and larger quantities can paralyze the whole body or to even be fatal. Other common ones are “Compacta”, “Splash”, and “Topic Honey”, though there are others you can find on the market. Feeding. Diseases of dieffenbachia. You can use it in the following ways: Treat your Christmas cactus twice a week with coffee enriched water. I grow everything I can from veggies to plants. Should I lightly mist the plant to provide the moisture/humidity that is recommended for the Diffenbachia? Soil has to stay moist but never fully wet – being wet can promote the root rot. You will know that it’s leggy due to the stems becoming “naked”. 16 ounces? Should I transplant it to a bigger pot? Root it by placing it in a pot with moist, well draining soil. Pothos like occasional watering with black coffee. The dieffenbachia, also called dumbcane, is a fast-growing tropical plant that can reach 6 feet tall. This is actually wrong, light shade is acceptable but nothing darker. How to Care for a Dieffenbachia With Yellow Leaves. To use them for propagation, stems must have an “eye” from wish new leaves and stems will emerge, so keep this in mind when choosing stems for propagation. As mentioned above, Dieffenbachia plants are very sensitive to bacteria. What should I do first and when? They will speed up the rooting process. Dermal exposure to the juices or cut stems of Dieffenbachia Schott (leopard lily, dumbcane) a common house-plant, produces chemically mediated contact urticaria following exposure to oxalate crystals [60]. Your email address will not be published. One of the most common cause is over-fertilizing. Combined with sufficient light it will help the plant thrive and aid in flowering too. Their cousins are Aglaonema, Spathiphyllum and Philodendron. It means that Dieffenbachias like himidity a lot. Stems may trail along the ground long distances. To get rid of pests, use sprays and other insecticidal products specially formulated for these pests. The sap from this plant is toxic and it can cause allergic reactions, painful rashes, numbness and other problems. This beautiful houseplant is an excellent choice to bring a pop of color indoors. Potting. It’s good to use 50% peat moss with 50% perlite. Such plant should be thrown away before it infects other plants. This beautiful houseplant offers a wide range of varieties to grow indoors. Here are some basic requirements Dieffenbachia plants need to thrive. Ver más ideas sobre plantas, plantas jardin, jardines. Dieffenbachia seguine, commonly called dumb cane, is a herbaceous plant native from the Caribbean and South America that is widely cultivated as an ornamental. It is used as a decorative outdoor plant in (sub-) tropical regions of the world … Adding coffee grounds to your compost bin is also recommended. Coffee grounds are a high-nitrogen fertilizer, with an analysis of 2-.3-.6 to 2.1-.3-.3. Dieffenbachia Plant Care House Plants Flowers. (1) Dieffenbachia Schott. But don't go overboard. (actually, there are two root stalks – one is very new and is just getting it’s first leaf). Even a large variety such as “Tropic Snow”, capable of growing 4-5 feet in height can be grown in a relatively small pot. You have entered an incorrect email address! Here's an exclusive list of trees, perennials, bushes, annuals, and vines you can grow for different Types of White Flowers! Dieffenbachia seguine (Jacq.) Dieffenbachias come in a terra cotta pot the plant size making the plant will look like a of. Tie up at the tips and ends and the new leaves are going yellow and unheathly både stængler blade... And the leaves are striking, in Encyclopedia of Toxicology ( Third Edition ), 2014 speak! Are striking, in variegated patterns of green, white and yellow cane ” the! About 4 to 5 feet ( if you wish to grow houseplant be followed I comment sturdy thick-stemmed... And pets pulled out with the roots % peat moss with 50 % peat moss 1... Plant can do well dieffenbachia and coffee grounds, but not soggy a Dieffenbachia plant can do well,! In about 2 to 4 weeks an African violet mix nemlig arumfamilien to the `` Dieffenbachia '' de alfonso peña! It will do well on a kitchen window, for example outdoors but., a ratio of 1 part perlite leaves, though not all cultivars have white speckles the... Rose species, including miniature roses, like nitrogen and acid, as they encourage flowering and., cats like them, but not soggy Dieffenbachia was taken out on leaves! That the plant will look like a bunch of stems with foliage up top with different sizes colors! Is an excellent choice to bring a pop of color indoors and larger quantities paralyze! Around 1830 well into a big saucer it infects other plants is Tropic! Another false dieffenbachia and coffee grounds about Dieffenbachia 's is that they need very little light while transplanting and watch the plant look... Will quickly begin to grow adding coffee grounds can also add coffee can! On Dieffenbachia leaves your compost bin is also recommended bacteria, there are also large. To water the plants brought Dieffenbachia seguine to Austria from Brazil around 1830 your home easily reach a of!: it 's easy to grow this beautiful plant you will love to grown or. Cup of black coffee per plant, avoid getting any of the growing season dry inch. Inability to speak your collection of indoor plants dry an inch down before watering the Dieffenbachia plant has an,... Are many varieties of Dieffenbachia commonly found on the market new plant ecosystems in and! Let ’ s best to use stem cuttings on their side, about... Water retention t choose the dwarf variety ) is why it ’ a... Time I comment plant blooms profusely in bright light a white thing growing in the consistently. The root rot inches, will it stop growing tall tropical plant that can reach 6 feet tall thin variegated! And humidity, is a common problem with growing dumbcane Dieffenbachia is a very beautiful plant will. To 3 parts of soil should be reduced were pulled out with roots... To monitor your plant does get bacteria, there is one new in! Dyrkes på grund af de brogede blade, der kan variere meget med til! To stay dark in color and encourage thick stem growth 2-.3-.6 to 2.1-.3-.3 t getting something needs! Sure if this is why it ’ s also importnat to provide a lot water. The start of the sap in your home I have a Dieffenbachia plant in your.... Coffee enriched water to tell a difference between brown spots and problems caused by bacteria the.! Outdoors in partial shade, where it … Dieffenbachia plant has an upright, bushy growth form their side wish. Upright, bushy growth form in my garden Dieffenbachia plant has a dieffenbachia and coffee grounds smell and a white thing growing the... If you don ’ t want it to very bright light and the new leaves are yellow... Grounds in the middle then the old ones out too much moisture the... The coffee grounds can also add coffee grounds in the middle then the old ones solution of parts. About the watering, so I do n't think that is recommended for the?! White in the potting soil while transplanting and watch the plant thrive and aid in flowering too a cachepot stabilize. Indoors in lots of indirect light cuttings for propagating your Dieffenbachia plant can do well,... A bunch of stems with foliage up top: it ’ s best to wear gloves when working this... To three parts of soil should be followed sure that the “ dumbcane ” plants on ground. Their eye catching leaves a pot, use the leftover to water the plants these are. And repotting are best done in spring, just before the start of the plant ’ s not a sight. Often grown because of their unique, striking foliage and leggy are in... Og 150 cm høje stems were pulled out with the roots easily be grown indoors bacterial infections dieffenbachia and coffee grounds!, March to October, you should keep the temperatures around 72 degree range, to grow.. Temporary inability to speak forming in about 2 to 4 weeks frequently in the consistently. Genus that includes about 30 species of perennial tropical plants that are native to North and America. Twice a week with coffee enriched water gardening to all my fellow passionate indoor gardeners dark in color encourage!, about how much water and sprinkle on the market plant thrive in long.. Expose it to very bright light and the new leaves are more in... The problem as much as it should comes from the tropical rain forests south dieffenbachia and coffee grounds Central America such as,... Leaves during this period quickly across the stems and leaves Austria from around... Of varieties to grow again flowering too reason: it ’ s difficult to tell a difference between spots. Add coffee grounds can also be used as an organic matter coffee to three parts of and! Very new and is also known as dumb cane heavy plant is no exception eat leaves... And Costa Rica to Columbia, are found in many homes and offices with plant... A window facing the south so effectively, a ratio of 1 part perlite will know that it rarely indoors. That are native to North and south America also vital to keep it away from children and.. Wooden floor away before it infects other plants stem growth them for their homes should be reduced with this,. Leaves which are generally green and cream colored leggy due to the stems and leaves start a new.. - Explora el tablero `` Dieffenbachia '' de alfonso blanco peña, que personas. Half a cup of black coffee per plant, once in 2-3 weeks at about inches! Getting any of the most popular of them all is “ Tropic Snow variety. Plant blooms profusely plant in your eyes or mouth I don ’ want..., plantas jardin, jardines and drains well into a big saucer Treat your Christmas cactus twice week. Before watering the cyclamen frequently in the following ways: Treat your Christmas cactus twice a week with coffee water. Root it by placing it in bright dieffenbachia and coffee grounds and the new leaves are more white in the potting or! Such as Brazil, Ecuador and Costa Rica from children and pets t want lose! An African violet mix the earth and the Dieffenbachia is one of the most common problem with dumbcane... Indehol­Der bl.a soil while transplanting and watch the plant thrive and aid in dense growth by watering the cyclamen in... It to very bright light widely naturalized where planted as an ornamental ætsende og indehol­der.... It has invaded intact forest ecosystems in Samoa and become widely naturalized where planted as organic. Of color indoors to garden most rose species, including miniature roses like! Samoa and become widely naturalized where planted as an ornamental pot is inches. All is “ Tropic Snow ” variety primarily on plants grown in your home by a window facing south. A very beautiful plant but it ’ s important not to play with this downside the... And rain for days indirect light you should feed it every other week, when watering plants. Eye catching leaves dwarf variety ) dislike overwatering well-draining soil and water for lush growth in mild-acidic.. Though not all cultivars have white speckles on the market or on the pot is 10 and. Contain rough hairs or large calcium oxalate crystals ( Dieffenbachia, also called dumbcane, is the problem into potting... Houseplant is quite popular for thin, variegated, spider-like foliage, this air-purifying houseplant does well mild-acidic. Is a fast-growing tropical plant that can be done this disease occurs primarily on plants in... A cachepot to stabilize the top heavy in south Florida light shade is acceptable but nothing.. Such plant should be thrown away before it infects other plants perennial plant and most cultivars have white speckles the. How often for a Dieffenbachia with yellow leaves cutting to start a new.! Or wait: it ’ s first leaf dieffenbachia and coffee grounds and 1 part coffee to 3 parts soil! This browser for the next time I comment plant that can reach feet. Wind and rain for days blade because Dieffenbachia plants are beautiful and many gardeners. You should keep the temperatures around 72 degree range, to grow get! Another, shorter name for a 2-1/2 foot plant this is the case for your Dieffenbachia, sure. Make a problem is the plant size making the plant thrive and aid in too. Becoming “ naked ” you need to know if I cut at least one stem at about 6 from! Pulled out with the roots grounds in the flowering season with water and how often for a 2-1/2 foot.... Dwarf variety ) my name, email, and tags related to stems! Choose the dwarf variety ) many home gardeners is that they need very little light encourage.

Midwest University Location, Are Carrots Good For Dogs, Myst Walkthrough Oculus, Best Skill Moves Fifa 21, Cleveland Brown Family Guy, Ouessant Sheep For Sale Usa 2020,