Heavy rainfall of above 250 centimetres (98 in) is observed in the Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri, and Cooch Behar district. On this day, processions begin at the various Buddhist monasteries, or gumpas, and congregate at the Chowrasta (Darjeeling) Mall. This indicates the importance of public provision of health services to mitigate against poverty and the impact of illness on poor households. Blocks consists of panchayats (village councils) and town municipalities. The Assembly is unicameral with 295 members, or MLAs,[99] including one nominated from the Anglo-Indian community. North Twenty Four Parganas Out of which literacy rate of males and females Some contemporary directors include veterans such as: Buddhadeb Dasgupta, Tarun Majumdar, Goutam Ghose, Aparna Sen, and Rituparno Ghosh, and a newer pool of directors such as Kaushik Ganguly and Srijit Mukherji. [56] The 1974 smallpox epidemic killed thousands. [139] There is passenger service to Port Blair on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. At least nine districts in the state suffer from arsenic contamination of groundwater, and as of 2017 an estimated 1.04 crore people were afflicted by arsenic poisoning. Density of West Bengal is 1,028 per sq km which is higher than national average 382 per sq km. [115] Per-capita NSDP growth rate at current prices varied from 9.4% in 2010–2011 to a high of 16.15% in 2013–2014. literacy rate is 70.54% in West Bengal. In urban areas, many women and men wear western attire. Also the Child (0-6 age) sex ration of urban areas in West Bengal was 947 University of Calcutta (Focus Area—Electro-Physiological and Neuro-imaging studies including mathematical modelling) has also been selected under the "Centre with Potential for Excellence in a Particular Area" scheme. [84] At night, a cool southerly breeze carries moisture from the Bay of Bengal. [217] In 1855 the Hindu College was renamed the Presidency College. School attendance is almost In rural areas of West Bengal, male population was 31,844,945 West Bengal is the fourth populous most state of India. [172] Other notable figures include Kazi Nazrul Islam, whose compositions form the avant-garde genre of Nazrul Sangeet,[173] Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, whose works on contemporary social practices in Bengal are widely acclaimed,[174] and Manik Bandyopadhyay, who is considered one of the leading lights of modern Bengali fiction. [126][127][128] Steps are being taken to remedy this situation by promoting West Bengal as an investment destination. [121], In September 2017, West Bengal achieved 100% electrification, after some remote villages in the Sunderbans became the last to be electrified. Population Growth Rate in Border and Non Border District in west Bengal 2011 ... population density also presents a significant factor for the levels and trends of human birth rates. The main seasons are summer, the rainy season, a short autumn and winter. [16][17], The origin of the name Bengal (Bangla and Bongo in Bengali) is unknown. [83], West Bengal's climate varies from tropical savanna in the southern portions to humid subtropical in the north. [233] Private FM stations are available only in cities like Kolkata, Siliguri, and Asansol. [4] As of 2001, in decreasing order of number of speakers, the languages of the state are: Bengali (85.27%), Hindi (7.17%), Santali (2.80%), Urdu (2.06%), and Nepali (1.28%). Refugee resettlement and related issues continued to play a significant role in the politics and socio-economic condition of the state. Universal suffrage is granted to residents. The population density of the region is 2,670 inhabitants per square mile. [209] Buddha Purnima, which marks the birth of Gautama Buddha, is one of the most important Hindu/Buddhist festivals and is celebrated with much gusto in the Darjeeling hills. Districts with High Sex ratio Indian art saw the introduction of Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. [80], The main river in West Bengal is the Ganges, which divides into two branches. [42] It was ruled by dynasties of the Bengal Sultanate and feudal lords under the Delhi Sultanate for the next few hundred years. The state has a total area of 88,752 square kilometres (34,267 sq mi). 2011 Census Data Population Enumeration Data Houselisting and Housing Data Act, ... Bihar occupies the first position with a density of 1106, surpassing West Bengal which occupied the first position during 2001. The population of West Bengal makes up 7.8% of India’s total population. The state contributes 7.8% of India's population. [86], The "India State of Forest Report 2017", recorded forest area in the state is 16,847 km2 (6,505 sq mi),[87][88] while in 2013, forest area was 16,805 km2 (6,488 sq mi), which was 18.93% of the state's geographical area, compared to the then national average of 21.23%. As per details from Census 2011, West Bengal has population of 9.13 Crores, an increase from figure of 8.02 Crore in 2001 census. [231], Doordarshan is the state-owned television broadcaster. [82] Damodar, another tributary of the Ganges and once known as the "Sorrow of Bengal" (due to its frequent floods), has several dams under the Damodar Valley Project. [207], Poush Mela is a popular winter festival of Shantiniketan, with performances of folk music, Baul songs, dance, and theatre taking place throughout the town. [218] The state government granted it university status in 2010 and it was renamed Presidency University. 65.51% respectively. With over 91 million Citizens (as of 2011), it is India’s fourth-most populous state. The coastal region of Purba Medinipur exhibits coastal vegetation; the predominant tree is the Casuarina. The Indian National Army was subsequently routed by the British. The idols of the goddess are brought in from Kumortuli, where idol-makers work throughout the year fashioning clay-models of the goddess. than 918 of India. In Darjeeling, which is above 1,500 metres (4,900 ft), temperate forest trees like oaks, conifers and rhododendrons predominate. [28] Bengal had overseas trade relations with Suvarnabhumi (Burma, Lower Thailand, the Lower Malay Peninsula and Sumatra). [154] Buddhism remains a prominent religion in the Himalayan region of the Darjeeling hills; almost the entirety of West Bengal's Buddhist population is from this region. In West Bengal out of total population, 34,756,355 were Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is a hub for flights to and from Bangladesh, East Asia, Nepal, Bhutan and north-east India. There are 27 Taluks, 2167 villages and 72 towns in Murshidabad district. [23] However, the central government has turned down the proposal maintaining the state should have one single name for all languages instead of three and it should not be the same as that of any other territory (pointing out that the name 'Bangla' may create confusion with neighbouring Bangladesh). [147] Surjapuri, a language considered to be a mix of Maithili and Bengali, is spoken across northern parts of the state. [135] The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, part of NFR, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. West Bengal Population according to latest Census 2011 is 9,13,47,736. POPULATION DENSITY AND GROWTH OF WEST BENGAL: West Bengal as a state has a population density of 1029 persons per square kilometre. 186. Notes: a. [41], Subsequent Muslim conquests helped spread Islam throughout the region. while 68.13% in rural areas. [164][165], A study conducted in three districts of West Bengal found that accessing private health services to treat illness had a catastrophic impact on households. [57], The state's economic recovery gathered momentum after the central government introduced economic liberalisations in the mid-1990s. 2011: Total area of West Bengal is 88,752 sq. There are 73 villages and 7 towns in Amta - I Taluk. [211], Some of the notable schools in the city are: Ramakrishna Mission Narendrapur, Baranagore Ramakrishna Mission, Sister Nivedita Girls' School, Hindu School, Hare School, La Martiniere Calcutta, Calcutta Boys' School, St. James' School (Kolkata), South Point School, St. Xavier's Collegiate School, and Loreto House, Loreto Convent, Asansol some of which rank amongst the best schools in the country. 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