This article does not contain any citations or references. Reddit gives you the best of the internet in one place. [16] Consequently, the brigade continued to advance north with little respite, and on 22 October the Australians fought their first major action at Yongju, killing 150 North Koreans and capturing 239 of the brigade's 800 prisoners, for the loss of seven men wounded. [6], Australia was one of the first nations to commit units to the fighting, playing a small but sometimes significant part in the United Nations Command, which was initially led by General Douglas MacArthur. Sixty North Koreans supported by a T-34 tank then attacked the forward Australian companies at Kujin early the following morning, resulting in Australian losses of eight killed and 22 wounded. Fierce melee fighting ensued and both sides lost soldiers. However, the North Koreans suffered heavy casualties including over 100 killed and 350 captured, and the Australians subsequently succeeded in defending the bridgehead after the North Koreans withdrew. The battle was fought between Australian forces from 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (3 RAR) and the 17th Tank Brigade of the Korean People's Army (KPA) for control of Chongju, North Korea and the surrounding area. Also, it was won by the Korean irregular volunteers that included Buddhist warrior monks as well. Among the North Korean dead was the commanding officer of the Reconnaissance Unit of the 17th Tank Brigade, Lieutenant Colonel Kim In-sik, who was carrying a number of marked maps and documents. 1. An officer with extensive operational experience fighting the Japanese in New Guinea during the Second World War, Green took over from Walsh due to the latter's perceived inexperience. Also, it was won by the Korean irregular volunteers that included Buddhist warrior monks as well. [31], The following morning the Australians remained in position, and at daybreak they found more than 150 North Korean dead within the 3 RAR defensive position. 29-30 OCT 1950: Korea, and the Australians reach Chongju. [32] At 21:30 the focus of the North Korean counter-attack shifted to the northern flank, launching a heavy assault against A Company. The Koreans set up flags as well. (Make sure you fill all the details, you will not receive the email in case you fill incorrect details or miss any key details) Step 2 - You will receive a mail from ASUS within 24 hours post-registration closes. [28] Stafford was subsequently awarded the US Silver Star for his bravery. After detecting a strong North Korean armoured force equipped with T-34 tanks and SU-76 self-propelled guns on a thickly wooded ridgeline astride the line of advance, the Australians launched a series of company attacks with American M4 Sherman tanks and aircraft in support. Capturing Chongju would cut Japanese communication lines and provide a stepping stone to southern Korea where the invasion of Jeolla Province could be stopped. After a couple of other minor skirmishes there was Hill 410 with 31 wounded and 12 killed. Green, Charles Hercules; Explore the Collection. This was done at night, and the Japanese were completely fooled into believing that the Korean army was very large. How about Chongju with 35 wounded and 9 Killed and again Pakchon on November 5 when there were 32 wounded and 14 killed. This effort also failed however, being repulsed as Chitts called-in indirect fire from the Support Company mortars and American howitzers to within 10 metres (33 ft) of the forward Australian positions. [35] Regardless, that afternoon the Argylls encountered no further opposition as they entered and cleared the ruined and burning town, securing it by 17:00. The Battle of Chongju (29–30 October 1950) took place during the United Nations Command (UN) offensive towards the Yalu River, which followed the North Korean invasion of South Korea at the start of the Korean War. [37] In his tent on a stretcher after 36 hours without sleep, Green was severely wounded in the stomach by a fragment from the wayward round. The Korean War began early in the morning of 25 June 1950, following the surprise invasion of the Republic of Korea (ROK) by its northern neighbour, the communist Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK). Numerically superior and better-equipped, the Korean People's Army (KPA) crossed the 38th Pa… [27] The Australians again came under heavy fire from the North Koreans, however they quickly overcame the defenders and the ridge was secured by 17:30. As such, with a strength of nearly 1,000 men, the addition of 3 RAR gave the brigade increased tactical weight as well as expediently allowing the Australians to work within a familiar organisational environment, rather than being attached to a US formation. At 10:00 a US LT-6G Mosquito light spotter aircraft reported a large North Korean formation consisting of a battalion-sized force of 500–600 infantry supported by several tanks and at least two self-propelled guns, positioned on a thickly wooded ridgeline around Chongju. Following the capture of Chongju the US 21st Infantry Regiment had set off rapidly along the road to Sonchon to the west. After three days of heavy combat, North Korean forces in the gap were decimated. Although the North Koreans had suffered heavily in the preceding weeks, they continued to resist strongly, while a lack of accurate maps and the narrowness of the roads made rapid movement difficult for the advancing UN forces. The Battle of Chongju ensued as the Australians dislodged the strong KPA armoured force and then defended their positions against KPA … In two days fierce fighting against determined North Korean opposition the Australians clear ,27BDE and the surrounding ridges. 29-30 OCT 1950: Korea, and the Australians reach Chongju. [24] Meanwhile, preparatory fire from the 155 mm howitizers of the US 90th Field Artillery Battalion and 3-inch mortars from Support Company 3 RAR began to fall on the North Korean positions. [36] The brigade then moved into divisional reserve for the US 24th Infantry Division, with Church ordering the US 21st Infantry Regiment to take its place in the lead in order to give the British and Australian infantry a much needed respite. [34] The North Koreans finally withdrew at 22:15, though a SU-76 self-propelled gun continued to fire sporadically into the Australian positions until 23:00. This page was last modified on 31 October 2015, at 22:30. [37] For added protection while in reserve the 3 RAR headquarters had been sited on the reverse slope of a hill overlooking the Talchon River, with the rifle companies occupying the forward slope of the ridgeline to the west and a spur line which thrust towards the river bank. It was subsequently attached to the US 1st Cavalry Division, under the command of Major General Hobart R. Gay. Our collection contains a wealth of material to help you research and find your connection with the wartime experiences of the brave men and women who served in Australia’s military forces. Contact was subsequently lost with D Company and was not regained until the North Koreans were forced to withdraw by Headquarters Company, under Captain Ben O'Dowd, which then cleared the depth positions. [50] Although the US Eighth Army succeeded in avoiding encirclement, the US X Corps had to be evacuated by sea from Hungnam during December 1950, despite inflicting heavy casualties on the Chinese. Chinese forces cross the Yalu River. Step 1 - Kindly Register your entry through the Registration form. TheYongju-Chongju Gap (26 July-6 August 1950) was a battle of the Korean War. [11], By the time 3 RAR arrived in the theatre, the North Koreans had been broken and were in rapid retreat, with MacArthur's forces conducting a successful amphibious assault at Inchon and breaking out along the Naktong perimeter on the southern tip of the Korean peninsula. ( 1558-1638 ) province Pyŏngan, North Korean opposition the Australians clear,27BDE and the Australians their... 117Th Division of the town itself was cleared by the Korean irregular that. Fierce fighting against determined North Korean infiltration cooperate, and the Australians advanced the. 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