They can be found in 81 countries throughout Europe, Asia, and Africa. Growing human-wildlife conflicts and legal conservation obligations increased the need for precise information on Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) population parameters for species status assessment and wildlife management measures. European Otter on The IUCN Red List site -, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurasian_otter, http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/12419/0. They are listed as near threatened, but their population in most areas seems to be recovering. It is a European branch of the weasel or Mustelidae family. European otters live throughout Europe, North Africa and Asia, inhabiting streams, rivers, lakes, freshwater and peat swamp forests, ocean shores, rice fields, fjords, caves, and other terrestrial habitats close by waterways. The Eurasian otter is the near widely distributed otter species, its range including parts of Asia and Africa, as well as being spread across Europe, south to Switzerland, they are now very common in Latvia, along the glide of Norway, in the western regions of Spain and Portugal and across Great Britain, particularly Shetland, where 12% of the UK breeding population exists. By the 1970s, otters were restricted mainly to Scotland, especially the islands and the north-west coast, western Wales, parts of East Anglia and the West Country (though they remained common and widespread also in Ireland). - Anatomy, Family & Diet, Baikal Seal: Habitat, Adaptations, Predators & Facts, Ringed Seal: Habitat, Population & Adaptations, Signs, Symptoms & Causes of Bloat in Dogs, Biological and Biomedical They spend a lot of time foraging, and will usually eat more than two pounds of food every day. Despite being such a lovable carnivore, the Eurasian Otter is classified as “Near Threatened” by the IUCN due to a declining population over the last 40 years. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Size: Males (also known as dog otters) can reach a length of 130cm from nose to tail, while females (bitch otters) are smaller. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. As is the case with many species, Eurasian otters tend to live longer in captivity than in the wild. just create an account. It lives on the European, Asian, and African continents, and is native to around 81 different countries. – but our river systems still require extensive habitat management to restore them to a healthy level that can sustain fish stocks and wildlife. The Eurasian river otter has been recorded all over the UK, with most of the population residing in Scotland. Reports now state that otters inhabit every county in the UK – great news for the otter! Threat status Europe: Near Threatened ... and it has a sufficient large habitat. Eurasian otters are indigenous to the UK and can be found in either fresh or salt water, although it’s usually known as the river otter for the obvious reason. Habitat correlates of the Eurasian otter Lutra lutra recolonizing Central Poland Jerzy Romanowski , Marcin Brzeziński , and Michał Żmihorski Centre for Ecological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Dziekanów Leśny ul. Habitat: mainly the area around freshwater lakes, rivers, some coasts - as long as they are undisturbed and there is plenty of cover. While hunting and habitat loss played a part, pollution of our waterways from agricultural chemicals was devastating to otter populations. However, sometimes they form loosely knit groups numbering as many as six animals. They are carnivores, which means their diet is made up of various types of meat. The elusive otter is one of our top predators, feeding mainly on fish (particularly eels and salmonids), waterbirds, amphibians and crustaceans. 1993 , Macdonald & Strachan 1999 , Jędrzejewska et al. Along the high-rainfall coasts of Prince William Sound the North American river otter uses many large dens close to the shore (Bowyer etal. Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra) is a species belonging to the Weasel family and is known as an indicator of ecological health of rivers, as they prefer aquatic environments rich in cover and food resources such as stable shelters and homes that are not affected by … 1995), often under stands of old-growth forest including tall hemlocks (Tsuga heterophylla). Along the high-rainfall coasts of Prince William Sound the North American river otter uses many large dens close to the shore They are solitary animals unless in a mating pair or a mothers with her young. The Eurasian otter is a solitary animal with the female rearing the cubs on her own. European otters sleep for half their lives, which equates to ten years of sleeping for many otters, with phases of inactivity often at the time of the zoo's opening hours. imaginable degree, area of Other otter species often use habitats along sea shores that are rather similar to those of the Eurasian. Habitat Not sure what college you want to attend yet? They will breed any time during the year, most likely determined by the individual’s physiological state and reproductive maturity. Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra) in natural habitat - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock The Eurasian otter is one of the most widespread mammal species. Growing human-wildlife conflicts and legal conservation obligations increased the need for precise information on Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) population parameters for species status assessment and wildlife management measures. Without special training, most people can hold their breath for 30 seconds to a minute before they are pretty uncomfortable. The eyes are placed high on the head so that it can see when the rest of the body is below water. Select a subject to preview related courses: Eurasian otters have several different ways of communicating with other otters, even though they don't live in groups. They nest on land, tending to build underground tunnels to move between the two. 's' : ''}}. The otter Lutra lutra was once widespread in Europe, but populations declined sharply during the 1960s and 1970s due to pollution, exacerbated by hunting and habitat loss. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Eurasian otter populations are now recovering in … Distribution: the Eurasian otter exists in scattered populations in the British Isles, Europe, Scandinavia, most of Russia and North Africa. 1998). In South Korea, Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) habitat has increased since the 1990 s because of legal protection, forest development, and increased public awareness. Following a gestation period (the time the mother carries the babies before giving birth) of about two months, a female Eurasian otter usually has two or three cubs. A male's range often overlaps that of one or more females. European status and distribution. They will also forage on land occasionally, eating birds, eggs, insects, and even small mammals. Habitat With the widest distribution of the otter subfamily, the common otter stretches from western Europe to central Asia. They stay with her for a little over a year. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Since they swim so much, and get much of their food from the water, holding their breath for a long time comes in handy. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. The European otter is the most widely distributed otter species being widely spread across Europe. 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