Microorganisms are important model organisms for studying principles of genetics and biochemistry. Diversity surveying, community fingerprinting, and functional interrogation of natural populations have become common, enabled by a battery of molecular and bioinformatics techniques. Industrial microbiology and genetic engineering Many substances of considerable economic value are products of microbial metabolism. They can be used in many ways; making life-saving drugs, the manufacturing of biofuels, cleaning up of pollution and producing or processing of foods and drinks. Following are some of the major important features of the medical microbiology. Microbiology plays a significant role in medical devices, such as fluorescent fusion, which is used for fast and precise detection of pathogens in tissue samples. It is a technology for carrying out immunofluorescence studies that may be applied to find specific cells in complex biological systems. Bio-treatment is the processing of waste using living organisms; it is an environmentally friendly alternative to other options. The major importance of medical microbiology is that it helps in the identification, isolation, diagnosis and treatment of pathogenic microorganisms and also produces beneficial organisms such … complete importance of microbiology in the related areas. The microbes like algae and bacteria help to enhance the fertility of the soil by fixing it… According to International Microbiology, microbial contamination of cosmetic products is a matter of great importance to the industry and it can become a major cause of both product and economic losses. Combating disease; Infectious diseases have the capacity to wipe out entire populations, and microbiology is the key to keeping outbreaks under control. Microbiology is the study of small living things that are too small to be visible with the naked eye. A bacterium called Lactobacillus converts the lactose sugar present in milk to lactic which results in the conversion of milk into curd. Some concentrate on plant pests and diseases, developing ways to control them or even use microbes to control insect pests and weeds. It is used. Forgot password?Submit your email address and we'll send you a link to reset your password. The knowledge of microbiology in nursing is very important to control and prevent infection in the hospital. Importance Of Microbiology. 3) New drug discovery: Also, many new drugs are in the search by the use of microbiology. But due to massive demand and also compatibility problems as it was not human-derived, there was a need for some other source of human insulin. Microbiology has come a long way since discovery of microbes and is presently of great help to mankind. Because of the advancement of thorough researched and development, the importance of biotechnology has come to existence. Now more than ever, infectious diseases represent an enormous challenge to global health. There are many types of sterilization used industry. They also investigate the food poisoning outbreaks, aiming to identify their causes in order to prevent recurrence. Biologists use knowledge obtained from microbiology when studying the immune system. Some bacteria play an important role in maintaining and others in increasing soil fertility. Though these organisms form only a fraction (less than one percent) of the total soil mass, but they play important role in supporting plant communities on the earth surface. Moreover, yeast can be used to make bread, bacteria is important during the process of making yoghurt. These living things can be seen with the use of a microscope only. Bioreactors have been manufactured to overcome the various limiting factors of bio-treatment processes in highly controlled systems. The importance of microbiology is a lot of talk, but I'll just give a few summaries. This expiry date indicates until when the drug is active. The major importance of medical microbiology is that it helps in the identification, isolation, diagnosis and treatment of pathogenic microorganisms and also produces beneficial organisms such as yeasts and some antibiotics. The knowledge of microbiology play an important role to make them understand the maintenance of personal and community hygiene, the fundamentals of hospital and prevention of illnesses . Initially, diabetics were given the injection of insulin obtained from animals. The present society is so dependent on this science that without it there can no proper health care. Then rDNA technique involving E.coli bacteria was adopted to produce large amounts of human insulin which are even safe. There are various dishes in which microorganisms are needed. Career In Microbiology, Microbiology has generated a whole lot of buzz from the previous few years resulting in a rush within the variety of college students who need to pursue this discipline as a profession.. Microbiology has come a long way since the discovery of microbes. However, microbiology is not limited to this level. The importance of microbiology includes: used in biomedical research, creation of medicines, environmental applications and new research tools. Nurses use hot water or anti-septic as a measure to sterilize the surgical knives, needles,scissors or any other metals to free from microbes. Microbes in soil keep up water, the earth having microbes has higher water holding capacity. Environmental microbiology is the study of the composition and physiology of microbial communities in the environment. Branches of medical microbiology include Virology, Bacteriology, Parasitology and Mycology etc. There are different types of vaccines and of them live and dead vaccines are produced from bacteria. Further, the knowledge is also extended into food production,  production of alcohol, in agriculture, leather industry, etc. These scientists help to diagnose diseases such as meningitis and tuberculosis and help to prevent the spread of diseases by identifying, containing and treating disease in the human body. It contributing to reduction of mortality and morbidity and duration of hospital stay for inpatients. Microbes can be used to clean up contaminated land and oil spills in an ecologically important process called bioremediation. Microbiology gives the information which further use to create the vaccines and treatments for different diseases. An example of microbiology’s usage in the food industry is nisin; it is an antibacterial agent used in cheese, meats and beverages to extend shelf life by suppressing the growth of harmful bacteria. Microbiology also helps to keep our food safe. Thus the science of microbiology aims to gain and expand our fundamental understanding of microorganisms by studying their morphology, metabolism, physiology, reproduction and genetics. It also extends to aspects of how the body deals with microbes, how to control them for health and other benefits. Importance of microbiology. Also used for the analysis of waste bio-treatment. Early history of microbiology. Microbiology applied in everyday life; in food production, biodegradation, commercial-product production, biotechnology and genetic engineering. The knowledge of microbiology for the nurses and other health professionals in healthcare is very important because it … With a better understanding of these microorganisms, help the biologists to find out the ways for preventing the food from spoilage and make food safe. Microscopes have opened up a whole new dimension in science, By using Microscopes scientists were able to discover the existence of the microorganisms, study the structure of cells, and see the smallest parts of plants, animals, and fungi. While studying the scope and importance of […] The biggest example of medical microbiology is that diabetics were given the injection of insulin obtained from animals. Biologists use microbiology to develop new methods for preventing illness. Hence they are called natural pesticides. Secondly, it is used for degradation of Aromatic Compounds. Medical microbiology, the large subset of microbiology that is applied to medicine, is a branch of medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases.In addition, this field of science studies various clinical applications of microbes for the improvement of health. Microbiology encompasses numerous sub-disciplines including virology, bacteriology, protistology, mycology, immunology and parasitology. Microorganisms include bacteria, archaea, viruses, protozoa, microscopic fungi and yeasts, and microscopic algae. Micro-organisms and their activities are vitally important to virtually all processes on Earth. Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report: APA. These living bacteria help to keep water clean through sewage treatment. Other applications of microorganisms include industries like mining, pharmaceuticals, food and beverages, and genetics. Micro-organisms matter because they affect every aspect of our lives – they are in us, on us and around us. Microbes decay the waste remnants in the soil and make it hard. It is a field in biology that is extensively used in engineering, medicine, science and technology, agriculture and other valuable form of applications. Knowledge is used in health care for the prevention of diseases, diagnosis, sterilization methods, and drug production. New to Target Study? Microbiology, besides being a science in its own right, is commonly called the “supporting science” of meat technology because many of the reactions and processes that occur within the manufacture of meat and meat-related products are closely related to microbiology. Microbiology is the study of all living organisms that are too small to be visible with the naked eye. There are four type of microorganisms that causes infectious disease are bacteria, parasites, fungi and viruses. Apart from this, bacteria are used to synthesize the commercial valuable products like hydroxybutyric acid which is used in the manufacture of disposable diapers and plastics. Agriculture is one of the main sectors benefitted from microbiology. Following are some of the environmental uses of the microbiology. Introduction to the Microbiology of Food. The fertility of soil is proportional to its nitrogen content. Moreover, the contamination of cosmetics can result in them being converted into products hazardous for consumers. See the article on rDNA technology for more info. > The Emerging Importance of Microbiology Diagnostics In the fight against antimicrobial resistance, microbiology diagnostics will play a central role in winning the battle. When they study Medical Microbiology they need to study about the microbes that infect humans, the disease they causes, their diagnosis, prevention and treatment. This is all how microbiology plays a significant role in the different sectors. study of biological organisms that are too small to be seen with the naked eye (without using such tools as the magnifying glass or microscope etc Microbiology is the study of microorganisms which must be viewed with the aid of a microscope or electron microscope. Scope and Importance of Soil Microbiology Living organisms both plant and animal types constitute an important component of soil. The field is concerned with the structure, function, and classification of such organisms and with ways of both exploiting and controlling their activities. Many patients admitted to the hospital are prescribed with. HCB also have potential biotechnological applications in the areas of bioplastics and biocatalysis. Lagarteja, Regrine B. It is used for oil degradation. It is used in health care, food production, diagnosis, production of alcohol, maintenance of sterility and cleanliness etc. Importance of Microscopes. Since many antibiotics, enzymes, etc. Commentdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a2c9aeeeac38f802f35ba77afa68802b" );document.getElementById("f3a32cd94e").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Microbiology is used in our daily life and plays an important role in it. Importance Of Microbiology Essay Sample Microbiology is a subject dealing with microbes and related concepts. Change a few things up and try submitting again. Some of the main features of the microbiology which are used in our daily life are discussed here. They make up more than 60 per cent of the Earth’s living matter and scientists estimate that 2 to 3 billion species share the planet with us, also some microbial cells break down organic matter and recycle nutrients, such as carbon and nitrogen, that are necessary for life on Earth. Sterilization exactly achieves this and it destroys all the kinds of microbes. Importance Of Microbiology. These professions include but are not limited to (2019, February 26). Microbes help in the decomposition of the toxic materials from the soil and hence prevent the toxin accumulation. Microbiologists specializing in food-based bacteria can work with the Food and Drug Administration to help identify food products that can pose a risk to human health. In easy phrases, microbiology is a broad self-discipline of biology with works with the perform, construction, makes use of, and the existence of the microscopic organism. As we know that petroleum oil is toxic and pollution caused by oil is a major ecological concern. All growing plants, therefore, require it in their metabolism. Microbes decompose the synthetic pesticide residues and other toxic material in agriculture soil and thereby protecting farms from toxin accumulation. Many professions require you to learn some microbiology. From an industrial viewpoint the substrate may be regarded as a raw material and the microorganism as the “chemical factory” … Enzymes like streptokinase which help in the breakdown of clots are obtained from bacteria. Help out in the natural manures. Vitamins like especially vitamin B-12 (cyanocobalamin) are obtained from bacterial fermentation of genetically modified bacteria. Pharmacy and pharmaceutical companies use microbiology extensively. It is important to consider that various microorganisms and a great number of analyses are often required. In the next couple of years, we will see various other uses of the microbiology which will be very beneficial for us in all aspects. Many natural pesticides are also manufactured using various bacteriaand virus. These microbes play crucial roles in nutrient cycling, biodegradation, climate change, food spoilage, the cause and control of disease, and biotechnology. Often, the role of microbiologist in a health setting is to aid the physician in diagnosis thru identification of the offending organismmay it be a virus, a parasite, fungi, or bacteria. They are so specific to the pests or insects and do not cause any harm to the plant or animals and humans. 2) For sterilization of manufactured drugs. Crop rotation is a technique adopted by farmers to enhance soil fertility by the use of microbes in the roots of leguminous plants. Medical microbiology basically deals with the study of microorganisms that are both beneficial and harmful to both human and animal majorly. The present society is so dependent on this science that without it there can no proper health care. The Microorganisms. They also synthesize amino acids which are very common dietary supplements. While microbes are responsible for most of the methane produced on earth, contributing to global warming, this methane can also be beneficial as it can be used as a biofuel – an alternative source of energy helping in the fight against climate change. Companies often employ microbiologists to develop new products that kill viruses and bacteria. The work of medical microbiologists is constantly evolving as new bacteria and infections are identified and categorized. How to use Online Education Sites to upgrade Skills? It also helps see how the patients health progresses during the treatment. In medicine, microbiology is taught to let pupils understand. Vaccines are medicines that help to prevent diseases and infections in the future. Microbiology helps us to identify the microorganisms that exist in food. Microbiology was a boon to control the mass human population eradicating epidemics like rabies, smallpox and other infectious diseases. 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