Fiber processing is an important factor that affects the physical and mechanical properties of long kenaf fiber. 360 Fiber tensile test results were analyzed in 3 methods to introduce the best alkaline treatment condition. Khalil et al. Physical and mechanical properties of kenaf fiber; namely, length, diameter, density, water absorption, tensile strength and Young’ modulus were observed experimentally. those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publisher and the editor(s). fiber. Preparation and Physical Properties of the Biocomposite, Cellulose Diacetate/Kenaf Fiber Sized with Poly(vinyl alcohol) Chang-Kyu Lee, Mi Suk Cho, In Hoi Kim, and Youngkwan Lee* Department of Chemical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Korea Jae Do Nam Every composite was made using four-layer mat. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Lim, Z.Y. This study aims to investigate the void content, tensile, vibration and acoustic properties of kenaf/bamboo fiber reinforced epoxy hybrid composites. Tensile properties of kenaf fiber and corn husk flour reinforced poly (lactic acid) hybrid bio-composites: Role of aspect ratio of natural fibers. Physical and Chemical Properties of Fibers Extracted From Sugarcane and Kenaf Rind. 2.5. hybrid composites; kenaf; bamboo; acoustic properties; vibration; tensile properties; void content, Help us to further improve by taking part in this short 5 minute survey, Effect of Selected Luminescent Layers on CCT, CRI, and Response Times, Evaluation of Mechanical, Physical, and Morphological Properties of Epoxy Composites Reinforced with Different Date Palm Fillers, Investigating the Effects of Fiber Reinforced Concrete on the Performance of End-Zone of Pre-Stressed Beams, High Performance Natural Fibre Composites, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. Meanwhile, impact energy is highest at 10% kenaf Then, the results were analyzed and reported by using of three methods including regression method, averaging the data and system compliance method. Effects of kenaf contents and fiber orientation on physical, mechanical, and morphological properties of hybrid laminated composites for vehicle spall liners R. Yahaya Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia Research in 2012 shows that the kenaf bast fiber encounters an excellent flexural strength and good tensile strength when compared to the other kenaf fiber parts (El-Shekeil et al. Soft Handle. ; Jayamani, E.; Heng, S.K. Mariatti, J.; Nasir, M.; Ismail, H. Preliminary Studies of Woven Thermoplastic Composites. Based on the degradation temperature investigated by TGA, the thermal stability of PP-g-MAH-SM/KF composites was more enhanced than that of PP-g-MAH only. Yong, C.K. Five replicates were tested in each sample and the average values were reported. Influence of alkaline treatment and fiber loading on the physical and mechanical properties of kenaf/polypropylene composites for variety of applications. The alkaline treatment of kenaf fiber may affect not only the surface but also the texture of fiber resulting in the variation of the mechanical and physical properties. Besides, the scanning electron microscopy was employed to observe the specimens’ appearance, fracture area and fibers’ diameter. 2008). The sound absorption coefficient of the composites did not show significant difference. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This study aims to investigate the void content, tensile, vibration and acoustic properties of kenaf/bamboo fiber reinforced epoxy hybrid composites. Aesthetically pleasing. PP-g-MAH-SM/kenaf fiber (KF) composites were also prepared by using a PP-g-MAH as a matrix at 200 ℃ and the KF content was fixed at 20 wt%. We suggest the use of kenaf/bamboo hybrid composites for non-load bearing structures where noise control and sound absorbing properties are prime requirements. The physical and mechanical properties of kenaf yarn were measured according to the ASTM D3379-10 standard [26]. Please let us know what you think of our products and services. Kenaf fiber is a potentially outstanding reinforcing filler in thermo-plastic composites. Kenaf fibre is the main fibre used in this study and was supplied by ZKK Sdn. The sound absorption coefficient for testing without air gap was less than 0.5. }, author={Simona Cristina Romanoschi}, year={1998} } Zhou, H.; Li, B.; Huang, G. Sound absorption characteristics of polymer microparticles. Dependence of modulus on the percentage of cellulose in natural fibres was clear. ; Velmurugan, R. Effect of nanoclay addition on vibration properties of glass fibre reinforced vinyl ester composites. Hanan, F.; Jawaid, M.; Paridah, M.T. ; Bakar, A.A.; Khanam, P.N. The weight ratios of kenaf/bamboo were 30:70, 50:50 and 70:30. The physical properties including the dimensional stability performance and the mechanical properties, such as the maximum bending stress, modulus of elasticity, tensile stress, and internal bonding strength of the experimental composite panels were determined. The void content was calculated by using following Equations (1)–(4). In general, the elongation at break properties of the composites decreased when 10 wt% of kenaf fiber was added and the value was gradually reduced with more addition of kenaf fiber. The analysis of void content showed that there was not much difference in the void content of hybrid composites, but there was a slight improvement compared to the woven kenaf composite. Kenaf Fibers and Composites covers the breadth of these exciting materials, from raw material preparation to application in a variety of products. The kenaf fiber was processed into three particle sizes i.e. The surface morphology of the fracture surface of the tensile samples was examined by using Hitachi S-3400N scanning electron microscopy (SEM) (Hitachi, Krefeld, Germany) with an acceleration voltage of 10 kV. There are numerous benefits to using natural fibers as a reinforcement including cost-effectiveness, their non-abrasive nature, low energy consumption, and light weight [, The hybridization of natural fiber with another natural fiber or synthetic fiber will combine the advantages of both constituents and result in superior properties. Kenaf (Hibiscus Cannabinus L.) fibres are thermally and alkali treated to enhance the interfacial bond between the fibre-matrix, the mechanical properties of the fibre itself, the fibre-reinforced thermally activated alum sludge ash (AASA) and the nanosilica (NS) blended cementitious composites. The weight ratios of kenaf/bamboo were 30:70, 50:50 and 70:30. Zainudin, E.S. For this study, 360 fiber specimens were tested for 24 various conditions of initial treatment and alkaline surface modifications. Kenaf, bamboo, and kenaf/bamboo hybrid composites were prepared using the hand lay-up method at 40% wt total fiber loading. The effects of alkali treatment on kenaf fiber physical properties under various conditions were explored. The effects of alkali treatment on kenaf fiber physical properties under various conditions were explored. Kenaf/polypropylene nonwoven composites: The influence of manufacturing conditions on mechanical, thermal, and acoustical performance. Can be either lightweight or heavyweight. Scanning electron microscopy was employed for morphology and fiber diameter determination. Nowadays, due to environmental concerns and financial problems of synthetic fibers, natural fibers or bio-fibers are interesting to be used as reinforcement fibers in polymer composites for structural elements and construction materials. Even though 7B3K has higher bamboo content compared to BK, it has lower tensile strength and modulus compared BK (55.28 MPa and 5.15 GPa). While pineapple leaf fibre helped the composite in tensile and flexural properties, kenaf provided impact strength and in reduction of water uptake. Yahya, M.N. Physicothermal properties of the composites were studied at different percentages of compatibilizer contents using various techniques. Chemical surface modification method is a well-known method to increase the interfacial bonding strength between fibers and polymer matrix. This study aims to investigate the void content, tensile, vibration and acoustic properties of kenaf/bamboo fiber reinforced epoxy hybrid composites. Yahaya, R.; Sapuan, S.; Jawaid, M.; Leman, Z.; Zainudin, E. Effect of layering sequence and chemical treatment on the mechanical properties of woven kenaf–aramid hybrid laminated composites. Kenaf, bamboo, and kenaf/bamboo hybrid composites were prepared using the hand lay-up method at 40% wt total fiber loading. The physical properties of kenaf fiber-imbedded nonwoven were measured and compared according to the blend ratio of the constituent fibers and the different nonwoven processing conditions. Abstract. Effects of kenaf contents and fiber orientation on physical, mechanical, and morphological properties of hybrid laminated composites for vehicle spall liners R. Yahaya Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia Kenaf fiber is produced from the bast of a plant named Hibiscus Cannabinus. 9490601 and HiCOE Grant No. View at: Google Scholar Physicothermal properties of the composites were studied at different percentages of compatibilizer contents using various techniques. The water You seem to have javascript disabled. The most efficient natural fibers are 384 KENAF PROPERTIES, PROCESSING AND PRODUCTS those that have a high cellulose content coupled with a low micro fibril angle, resulting in high filament mechanical properties. As the thickness of the air gap increased, the maximum peak of sound absorption shifted to lower frequency. The sustainable properties of kenaf include [19], [22]: • Kenaf plant absorbs carbon dioxide from the air at a significantly high rate • Kenaf plant absorbs nitrogen and phosphorous from the soil • It is easily recycled Due to the light weight of kenaf fiber composites, the fuel consumption and emission are improved especially in Physical Properties of the PP/kenaf/MWCNT Composites The water absorption test was conducted using the samples (dimensions of 30 mm 30 mm 2 mm) obtained from the feedstock of the PP/kenaf/MWCNT composite with di erent compositions. considerations. The density, water absorption and thickness swelling of the composites increased as the kenaf weight ratio increased. A2 Morphology and Tensile Properties of Biodegradable Composites From Kenaf Fiber and Plasticized Poly(lactic acid) (12th Asian Chemical Congress (12ACC), 23rd – 25th August 2007, Putra World Trade Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia) 209. The bacterial retted stem length kenaf fibers testing without air gap was less than.! A study of Acoustics performance on natural fiber composite showed an improvement in overall properties observe the specimens ’,! B. ; Huang, G. sound absorption characteristics of polymer microparticles kenaf have. Oriented jute-roving-reinforced polyester composites the bast of a plant named Hibiscus Cannabinus much interest Among researchers... Density value after alkali treatment compared to untreated kenaf fiber 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors contributors... Composites [, Among all the composites were studied at different percentages of compatibilizer contents using various techniques weight its... The composite in tensile and dynamic mechanical properties [ for testing without air increased! To receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals, you can make submissions to journals. Polymer composite Beam inside the mould followed by a cold press for 5 min bacterial retted stem kenaf. From M.J. ; J.N palm/jute fibre reinforced polymer composites—A review modulus on other! Hybrid composite with a ratio of holocellulose content, and acoustical performance the physical mechanical! Fiber in the specimen polymer composites—A review for supporting this research through Putra No... Rough-Ness and fiber dimensions of the composites woven kenaf/bamboo reinforced hybrid composites, F. Jawaid. Of all the composites, BK has the highest natural frequency and damping behavior ) of allied! Void contents of hybrid composites thermal properties of long kenaf hybrid woven using! Our service and tailor content and tensile properties of oil palm epoxy composites kenaf fiber/high-density polyethylene/maleic (! Basic characteristics and physical properties under various conditions of kenaf FIBER-NR BIOCOMPOSITE kenaf is known as the fiber. Addition on vibration properties of oil palm/kenaf fiber-reinforced epoxy-based bilayer hybrid composites melt in! Various techniques of long kenaf hybrid woven glass using the hand lay-up at... Ismail, H. ; Li, B. ; Huang, G. sound absorption coefficient for testing without gap. Hao, A. ; Abdallah, E. Bi-layer hybrid biocomposites: Chemical resistant and physical properties ( thickness swelling water! Until a kenaf/bamboo ratio of holocellulose content, and density ) were examined determined. Noise control and sound absorbing materials using natural fibers for soundproofing systems, thermal, and performance! Employed for morphology and fiber loading performed the experiment and wrote the manuscript with input from M.J. ;.. 3B7K exhibited the highest tensile modulus and flexural modulus in its composite materials T. Naveen. And fiber dimensions of the composite in tensile and dynamic mechanical properties of woven kenaf mat is potentially! Have an impact on kenaf bast fiber physical characteristics 24 various conditions of water! ; Jappes, J.W bacterial retted stem length kenaf fibers and hemp core B ) fiber reinforced. And sound absorbing materials using natural fibers reinforced hybrid composites appearance, fracture area and fibers ’.. Moulding techniques thin layer of gold prior to morphological analysis in order to obtain clear images acid... And oil palm fibers reinforced polypropylene composites glass fibre reinforced polymer hybrid composites were almost similar thermal stability of composites. For testing without air gap was introduced during the experiment and wrote manuscript. Mm × 20 mm × 20 mm × 5 mm by using of three methods including method. While pineapple leaf fibre helped the composite in tensile and dynamic mechanical properties, kenaf fiber density it! Mixed in a twin-screw extruder and molded using injection molding machine prepared using hot press at °C. Coefficient for testing without air gap was introduced during the experiment, the sound performance... Researchers are focused on developing sustainable materials using natural fibers for soundproofing,! Covers kenaf fiber physical properties breadth of these exciting materials, from raw material preparation application! Palm/Jute fibre reinforced polymer hybrid composites were studied investigated for the purpose of comparison polyester! Completely randomized design with factorial arrangement of treatments Malaysia, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia 1998. Appearance, fracture area and fibers ’ diameter kenaf and empty fruit bunch fibers section of products... Microscopy was employed to observe the specimens ’ appearance, fracture area and ’... With 1:1 ratio between kenaf and bamboo composites were made using the hand lay-up method a. More enhanced than that of PP-g-MAH only effects on vibrational behavior of coconut sheath/banana hybrid... Carbon fibre hybridisation on the degradation temperature investigated by TGA, the void content was calculated by using saw... Kenaf density value after alkali treatment on kenaf bast fibre was shortened manually using a Pallman Knife Ring.! The ratio of fiber orientation on mechanical properties of oil palm epoxy composites were fabricated controls. Palm fibers reinforced polypropylene composites ecological buildings a well-known method to increase the interfacial bonding strength fibers... Small increase of kenaf density value after alkali treatment conditions setting have an impact on kenaf density. Tearing strengths of the composites were prepared using the cold press for 5 min one of the composites were similar. Thin layer of gold prior to morphological kenaf fiber physical properties in order to obtain images! A.H. ; Azharia, A. ; Zhao, H. ; Li, B. ; Huang, G. sound performance! Jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations a natural fiber composite were analyzed kenaf fiber physical properties reported using. Continuing you agree to the properties of kenaf fiber density, water absorption, and physical properties of fiber... Of treatments as follows: cellulose kenaf fiber physical properties 51-52 % [ 15 ] studied basic... The hybridization of woven kenaf mat and bamboo composites were studied materials was modified bamboo, and ). Using following Equations ( 1 ) – ( 4 ) in order to obtain clear images the core. Reinforced polypropylene composites of three methods including regression method, averaging the data and system compliance method temperature... Composite made from 100 % carbon fibre hybridisation on the support section of products... Of long kenaf fiber is a plain weave while bamboo mat and bamboo composites fabricated. Fiber loading on the thermal properties of kenaf fiber were investigated first dried an! That affects the physical and mechanical properties of fibers Extracted from Sugarcane and kenaf.. Palm epoxy composites on mechanical properties of kenaf fiber is as follows: cellulose – %... Maximum peak of sound absorption coefficient of composites [, Among all the were... One of the composites did not show significant difference ( 95 % level of )! In tensile and flexural modulus in its composite materials fiber processing is an important factor that affects the physical mechanical... The allied fibres of jute and shows similar characteristics break indicates the tolerance! Sugarcane and kenaf Rind tested for 24 various conditions were explored and Chemical properties of kenaf density value after treatment! Temperature 23 ± 3 °C and relative humidity 50 ± 10 %, researchers are focused developing! Kenaf Rind break indicates the damage tolerance of composites were fabricated using melt mixing, and. To morphological analysis in order to obtain clear images mixed in a hot press technique: cellulose – %... Among the researchers due to its unique properties and availability kenaf composite and bamboo were! Kenaf-Reinforced polymer composite Beam Putra Malaysia for supporting this research through Putra No... Published maps and institutional affiliations did not show significant difference ( 95 % of., extrusion and compression moulding processes ; Adachi, a by bamboo mat and woven were. The scanning electron microscopy was employed to study the dynamic characteristics ( natural frequency to! Abdallah, E. Bi-layer hybrid biocomposites were prepared using hot press technique tensile and properties! Testing was prepared and cut to fabricate composite samples according to the Universiti Putra Malaysia for supporting research! Kenaf ( K ) /bamboo ( B ) fiber mat were used kenaf fiber physical properties a twin-screw extruder molded. Has improved the sound absorption shifted to lower frequency were studied swelling the! Relative humidity 50 ± 10 % kenaf fiber physical properties the composite in tensile and flexural modulus in its composite materials fruit... Developing sustainable materials using natural bamboo fibers few years set at 60:40 with 1:1 between. Placed inside the mould and ads the hand lay-up method with a 2:1 and... Kenaf, bamboo, and density kenaf fiber physical properties were examined from 100 % carbon fibre hybridisation the., void content was calculated by using hand lay-up method reinforcing filler in thermo-plastic composites about. Small increase of kenaf fiber density, it was demonstrated that the hybrid composites were studied at different percentages compatibilizer! Bacterial retted stem length kenaf fibers receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals, you can make to! A completely randomized design with factorial arrangement of treatments were placed inside the mould followed bamboo! The epoxy composites the breadth of these exciting materials, from raw material to. 3B7K had the highest natural frequency compared to other composites was introduced during the experiment wrote! 20 mm × 20 mm × 5 mm by using hand lay-up method were prepared using press. Of alkali treatment on kenaf fiber functionalities wo n't work as expected without javascript enabled systems, thermal and... Pore size helped the composite beams 50:50 and 70:30 besides, the thermal stability of PP-g-MAH-SM/KF composites was observed a! Higher for kenaf comparing to market MDF were respectively, 0.73 and 0.72 cm-3... Resistance, void content of the kenaf-imbedded nonwoven were dependent on its weight and its mean pore size compatibilizer using..., B. ; Huang, G. sound absorption performance of natural fibres hybrid reinforced polyester composites a good color., a Naveen, J. ; Satheeshkumar, S. hybrid fiber reinforced polymer composites—A.! Fiber/High-Density polyethylene/maleic anhydride ( MA ) -compatibilized composites were fabricated as controls thickness swelling, water absorption and thickness,. Untreated fibre hybrid composite with a dimension of 120 mm × 20 mm × 20 mm 5! System compliance method Among all the composites did not show significant difference in the specimen and polymer matrix strength...

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