Both of Jackson's parents were natives of Virginia. Upon that field, General Bernard E. Bee proclaimed, "There is Jackson standing like a stone wall," and a legend as well as a nickname was born. His first wife, Elinor Junkin, gave birth to a stillborn son in 1854, who they never named. It was a classic military campaign of surprise and maneuver. General Lee decided to employ a risky tactic to take the initiative and offensive away from Hooker's new southern thrust – he decided to divide his forces. The following year, after giving birth to Thomas's half-brother Willam Wirt Woodson, Julia died of complications, leaving her three older children orphaned. Jackson endured the long journey remarkably well, and despite the ordeal, remembered his manners when apologizing to Mr. Chandler for being unable to shake hands with his host. It was then about 2 pm. [19], After the war, Jackson was briefly assigned to forts in New York, and then to Florida during the Second Interbellum of the Seminole Wars, during which the Americans were attempting to force the remaining Seminoles to move West. Robertson, p. 19, states that a county document on February 28, 1841, was the first recorded instance of Jackson's using a middle initial, although "whether it stood for his father Jonathan's name is not known." Stonewall Jackson was born January 21, 1824 and died May 10, 1863 . West Virginia's Stonewall Jackson State Park is named in his honor. He was named after the famous general, Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, who was an ancestor.His most popular song was "Waterloo&q… '[51], His body was moved to the Governor's Mansion in Richmond for the public to mourn, and he was then moved to be buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Lexington, Virginia. Both Jackson and his troops were completely exhausted. "[38] There is some controversy over Bee's statement and intent, which could not be clarified because he was killed almost immediately after speaking and none of his subordinate officers wrote reports of the battle. Although Stonewall Jackson’s death was unpreventable, given the state of medicine at the time, it is more likely that he died from thromboembolism as a direct consequence of his wound and amputation, than from the indirect cause of pneumonia. "Educator Carleton H. Prothro talks up Stonewall Jackson for United Daughters of the Confederacy". [86][87], Beginning in 1904 the Commonwealth of Virginia celebrated Jackson's birthday as a state holiday; the observance was eliminated, with Election Day as a replacement holiday, effective July 2020.[88][89][90][91]. Stonewall Jackson is praying in full view and in rear of your right flank! By utilizing a railroad tunnel under the Blue Ridge Mountains and then transporting troops to Hanover County on the Virginia Central Railroad, Jackson and his forces made a surprise appearance in front of McClellan at Mechanicsville. He was the third child of Julia Beckwith (née Neale) Jackson (1798–1831) and Jonathan Jackson (1790–1826), an attorney. Jackson's chaplain, B. Tucker Lacy, had a brother who owned a house near the hospital, and took "Stonewall's" severed limb to his brother's family cemetery for burial. [citation needed] The younger Christian was a colonel in command of the 361st Fighter Group flying P-51 Mustangs in the European Theater of Operations in World War II when he was killed in action in August 1944; his personal aircraft, Lou IV, was one of the most photographed P-51s in the war.[85]. In addition to working together on the VMI faculty, Preston taught Sunday School with Jackson and served on his staff during the Civil War. The military reputations of Lee's corps commanders are often characterized as Stonewall Jackson representing the audacious, offensive component of Lee's army, whereas his counterpart, James Longstreet, more typically advocated and executed defensive strategies and tactics. Born in what was then part of Virginia (in present-day West Virginia), Jackson received an appointment to the United States Military Academy at West Point and graduated in the class of 1846. “Stonewall” Jackson. In contrast to this display of strength of character, he obeyed what he also felt was a "bad order" when he raked a civilian throng with artillery fire after the Mexican authorities failed to surrender Mexico City at the hour demanded by the U.S. It’s one of the best-known stories of the Civil War: Confederate General Thomas J. Jackson never returned to his home. The Shrine building has been preserved and restored, and is still about 45% original. John and Elizabeth met on board and were in love by the time the ship arrived at Annapolis, Maryland. Mary Anna Morrison was from North Carolina, where her father was the first president of Davidson College. Artillery Regiment and was sent to fight in the Mexican–American War from 1846 to 1848. Jackson's men bore the brunt of the initial attacks on the northern end of the battlefield and, at the end of the day, successfully resisted a breakthrough on the southern end when Jackson's subordinate, Maj. Gen. A. P. Hill, arrived at the last minute from Harpers Ferry. Jackson held a lifelong belief that one of his arms was longer than the other, and thus usually held the "longer" arm up to equalize his circulation. Thomas's sister Elizabeth (age six) died of typhoid fever on March 6, 1826, with two-year-old Thomas at her bedside. Prior to the 1st Battle of Bull Run, “Stonewall” was simply Thomas J. Jackson. The Jacksons named her Julia Laura, after his mother and sister. [4] A poem penned during the war soon became a popular song, "Stonewall Jackson's Way". Born on October 26, 1921, Robert Jackson was the second child of Robert Washington Jackson and Eliza Davis Jackson in Mineral, Virginia. Legendary Confederate fighter Thomas J. "[74] His horse was named "Little Sorrel" (also known as "Old Sorrel"), a small chestnut gelding which was a captured Union horse from a Connecticut farm. Where did Stonewall Jackson grow up? He became Professor of Natural and Experimental Philosophy and Instructor of Artillery. The facility, located near Weston, serves as a special campus for West Virginia University and the WVU Extension Service. Despite the efforts of pneumonia specialists, nothing seemed to bring relief to the General. Gen. James Shields at Port Republic on June 8–9. She never remarried, and was known as the "Widow of the Confederacy", living until 1915. Winchester, Virginia in the American Civil War, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Jackson's Mill Center for Lifelong Learning and State 4-H Camp, List of American Civil War generals (Confederate), "Was Stonewall Jackson born in Parkersburg? Jackson was ordered by Richmond to operate in the Valley to defeat Banks's threat and prevent McDowell's troops from reinforcing McClellan. This brigade was commanded by Thomas Jackson. Antietam was primarily a defensive battle against superior odds, although McClellan failed to exploit his advantage. The Shrine building has been preserved and restored, and is still about 45% original. He probably opposed the institution. Parts of Jackson's curriculum are still taught at VMI, regarded as timeless military essentials: discipline, mobility, assessing the enemy's strength and intentions while attempting to conceal your own, and the efficiency of artillery combined with an infantry assault. Thomas J. For his tests, Jackson typically had students simply recite memorized information that he had given them. While treading the wide boards of the Chandler office, Hotchkiss grieved the death of J.K. Boswell, a fellow staff officer killed by the same volley which felled Jackson. His death, perhaps, alters the course of the war itself. Jackson has been described as the army's hammer, Longstreet its anvil. [81] He once told Dwight D. Eisenhower "I will be your Jackson. Indeed the weirdest and most successful southern General, Stonewall Jackson died leaving a legacy of battlefield quirkiness, and battlefield brilliance all rolled into one package. Jackson's troops played a prominent role in September's Maryland Campaign, capturing the town of Harpers Ferry, a strategic location, and providing a defense of the Confederate Army's left at Antietam. General George Patton of World War II fame as a boy prayed next to two portraits of Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson, whom he assumed were God and Jesus. He was still significantly outnumbered, but attacked portions of his divided enemy individually at McDowell, defeating both Brig. His training in the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, recognition as a hero in the Mexican War, and his experience as an instructor at the Virginia Military Institute justified Jackson's rank of brigadier general at the first major battle of the Civil War near Manassas, Virginia. "[33] James Robertson wrote about Jackson's view on slavery: Jackson neither apologized for nor spoke in favor of the practice of slavery. Stonewall Jackson was born “Thomas Jonathan Jackson was born on January 21, 1824, in Clarksburg, Virginia (now West Virginia). Jackson is featured on the 1925 Stone Mountain Memorial half dollar. By Sandvick on April 16, 2018 • ( 0) Thomas J. Mackowski, Chris, and Kristopher D. White. An explanation for this and other lapses by Jackson was tersely offered by his colleague and brother in-law General Daniel Harvey Hill: "Jackson's genius never shone when he was under the command of another."[43]. 2. A skilled military tactician, Stonewall Jackson served as a Confederate general under Robert E. Lee in the American Civil War, leading troops at Manassas, Antietam … They had a daughter, Mary Graham, who died in 1858 of a liver dysfunction. "[67] James I. Robertson, Jr. suggests that Jackson was "a Christian soldier in every sense of the word." All of the other references to this article cite his full name as Thomas Jonathan Jackson. Orphaned at an early age, Jackson was raised by relatives and became a shy, lonely young man. He later replaced the wooden box with a metal one, and reburied the arm. One Union officer said that she seemed depressed at hearing the news, but her Unionism was stronger than her family bonds. What happened to Jackson’s daughter, Julia? Building Where Stonewall Jackson Died. There are writings which indicate that in Jackson's early childhood, he was called "The Real Macaroni", though the origin of the nickname and whether it really existed are unclear.[12]. Chandler kept records in the office and one of his sons once practiced medicine there, but with three of the Chandler boys away serving in the Confederate Army, the building no longer witnessed its ante-bellum level of activity. The Hotchkiss journal shows that Jackson, most likely, originally conceived the movement. They had a daughter named Mary Graham on April 30, 1858, but the baby died less than a month later. In 1862, Julia Laura was born, the only surviving child of Stonewall Jackson. Tell Major Hawks' -- then stopped, leaving the sentence unfinished. Jackson, born in Tabor City, North Carolina, is the youngest of three children. Jackson also recorded a cover of Lobo's 1971 hit, "Me and You and a Dog Named Boo." From 1958 to 1971, Jackson had 35 Top 40 Country Hits. The Stonewall Jackson statue is loaded onto a truck after being removed from Monument Avenue in Richmond, Va., on July 1. Fire! In late April and early May 1863, faced with a larger Union army now commanded by Joseph Hooker at Chancellorsville, Lee divided his force three ways. And it was again at the 20th annual Historical Clinicopathological Conference in Maryland.Jackson got the nickname "Stonewall" from Confederate General Barnard E. He memorized his lectures and then recited them to the class; any student who came to ask for help was given the same explanation as before. Thomas Jackson was born on January 21, 1824, in Clarksburg, Virginia (later West Virginia), the son of Jonathan Jackson, an attorney, and Julia Beckwith Neale.The future Confederate general signed his name "Thomas J. Jackson" and tradition asserts that his middle name was Jonathan, in honor of his father. She had barely recovered from the shock when she was escorted to the General's side to discover that he had taken a turn for the worse. I had looked upon him for the last time. While talking to the Great God of Battles, how could he hear what a poor cavalryman was saying. His training in the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, recognition as a hero in the Mexican War, and his experience as an instructor at the Virginia Military Institute justified Jackson's rank of brigadier general at the first major battle of the Civil War near Manassas, Virginia. 'Stonewall' Jackson likely died of pneumonia, trauma surgeon says Updated Jan 10, 2019; Posted May 10, 2013 The tombstone for a the amputated arm of Confederate Gen. Thomas J. Theology was the only subject he genuinely enjoyed discussing. [25], Jackson's peculiar personal traits contributed to his unpopularity as an educator. She sold the family's possessions to pay the debts. But it became a strategic victory for the Confederacy, because his aggressiveness suggested that he possessed a much larger force, convincing President Abraham Lincoln to keep Banks' troops in the Valley and McDowell's 30,000-man corps near Fredericksburg, subtracting about 50,000 soldiers from McClellan's invasion force. Although they were sent to different locations in Maryland for their bond service, the couple married in July 1755. "[65] Jackson himself had said, "My religious belief teaches me to feel as safe in battle as in bed. Stonewall was married twice. "Stonewall" Jackson has long fascinated those interested in the American Civil War as well as general students of military history, all of whom still question exactly what Jackson did in the Shenandoah in 1862 and how he did it. [41] After the battle, Jackson was promoted to major general (October 7, 1861)[37] and given command of the Valley District, with headquarters in Winchester. Davis, Lee, and Jackson on Stone Mountain, The Thomas Jonathan Jackson sculpture in downtown Charlottesville, Virginia, Statue of Gen. "Stonewall" Jackson in downtown Clarksburg, West Virginia, Bust of Jackson at the Washington-Wilkes Historical Museum, Stonewall Jackson statue in Richmond, Virginia being removed on July 1, 2020, My religious belief teaches me to feel as safe in battle as in bed. The elder Christian was a career US Army officer who served during both World Wars and rose to the rank of brigadier general. Despite an initial defeat due largely to faulty intelligence, through swift and careful maneuvers Jackson was able to defeat three separate Union armies and prevent any of them from reinforcing General George B. McClellan's Army of the Potomac in its campaign against Richmond. He had a turbulent childhood as his father died when Thomas was just three, prompting his mother to send him to live with an uncle. Stonewall's father died when he was two and his mother moved the family to South Georgia. Major Burnett Rhett, chief of staff to General Joseph E. Johnston, claimed that Bee was angry at Jackson's failure to come immediately to the relief of Bee's and Francis S. Bartow's brigades while they were under heavy pressure. by J.D. Mary Anna Jackson wrote[78] two books about her husband's life, including some of his letters. His dispatches invariably credited an ever-kind Providence." Although offered the use of the Chandler house, Jackson's doctor and staff officers chose the quiet and private outbuilding as the best place for Jackson to rest after his long ambulance ride. He was dropped from his stretcher while being evacuated because of incoming artillery rounds. [7], John and Elizabeth had eight children. [70] Jackson strictly observed the Sunday Sabbath. Vote for this answer. The Stonewall Brigade Band is still active today. From what I have read and heard of Jackson since that day, I know now what he was doing then. The next day, while reconnoitering with members of his staff, Jackson was accidentally fired upon by his own troops. "I have always desired to die on Sunday." He became the most celebrated soldier in the Confederacy (until he was eventually eclipsed by Lee) and lifted the morale of the Southern public. The National Park Service has augmented some of the items used during Jackson's stay with other pieces from the era, along with a few reproductions, to recreate the scene of the last days of his life. Dr. McGuire wrote an account of Jackson's final hours and last words: A few moments before he died he cried out in his delirium, 'Order A.P. When Lee decided to invade the North in the Maryland Campaign, Jackson took Harpers Ferry, then hastened to join the rest of the army at Sharpsburg, Maryland, where they fought McClellan in the Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg). [30] Another, Albert, requested that Jackson purchase him and allow him to work for his freedom; he was employed as a waiter in one of the Lexington hotels and Jackson rented him to VMI. forces. Presently a smile of ineffable sweetness spread itself over his pale face, and he said quietly, and with an expression, as if of relief, 'Let us cross over the river, and rest under the shade of the trees.'". Perhaps I might have been a little chagrined at Jackson's silence, and hence commented inwardly and adversely upon his horsemanship. The farm office of the Chandler plantation, the site of "Stonewall" Jackson's death on May 10, 1863. Jackson possessed the attributes to succeed against his poorly coordinated and sometimes timid opponents: a combination of great audacity, excellent knowledge and shrewd use of the terrain, and an uncommon ability to inspire his troops to great feats of marching and fighting. With little sense of humor, he once tried to get a cadet dismissed from VMI for playing a prank on him. [80] Certainly Jackson's discipline and tactical sense were sorely missed. His staff insisted that he wear it to dinner, which caused scores of soldiers to rush to see him in uncharacteristic garb. Hill to prepare for action! Stonewall Jackson (born November 6, 1932) is an American country singer and musician who achieved his greatest fame during country's "golden" honky tonk era in the 1950s and early 1960s. His father and sister both died from typhoid fever when he was two years old. Once established as an historic "shrine", the office underwent restorations in the 1920's and the 1960's, and still retains about 45% original fabric. (Some publicity claimed he is a descendant of the general, but that is unlikely.). ", but fired before evaluating the reply. 120 Chatham Ln 9–16. Gen. Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson's body is buried in Lexington, Va. In a letter, he wrote that Laura had said she "would rather know that he was dead than to have him a leader in the rebel army." Confederate General Stonewall Jackson – champion of African-American literacy May 2, 2017 Goran Blazeski Thomas Jonathan Jackson, better known as Stonewall Jackson, was a legendary Confederate General during the American Civil War and one of the most accomplished tactical commanders in the history of the United States. Lacy comforted the pious Jackson, holding devotions with him for the first two days spent at Guinea Station, but the chaplain soon returned to army headquarters. 24 January 2016. Jackson was so embarrassed with the attention that he did not wear the new uniform for months.[47]. To provide a keepsake of the happy occasion, Mrs. Jackson persuaded the General to sit for a photograph. “Stonewall” Jackson, with a few aides, was in front of Confederate lines scouting the federal position. Jackson's grandson and great-grandson, both namesakes, Thomas Jonathan Jackson Christian (1888-1952) and Thomas Jonathan Jackson Christian Jr. (1915-1944), both graduated from West Point. As the Confederate lines began to crumble under heavy Union assault, Jackson's brigade provided crucial reinforcements on Henry House Hill, demonstrating the discipline he instilled in his men. Joined Feb 23, 2010. Julia took in sewing and taught school to support herself and her three young children for about four years. He required little sleep but was known to take catnaps. It warped Jackson's judgment of men, leading to poor appointments; it was said he preferred good Presbyterians to good soldiers. They began to acquire large parcels of virgin farming land near the present-day town of Buckhannon, including 3,000 acres (12 km²) in Elizabeth's name. [72], Robert E. Lee could trust Jackson with deliberately undetailed orders that conveyed Lee's overall objectives, what modern doctrine calls the "end state". [44] In the Northern Virginia Campaign of August 1862 this stereotype did not hold true. Their second son was Edward Jackson (1759–1828), and Edward's third son[8] was Jonathan Jackson, Thomas's father. While living in London, England, he was convicted of the capital crime of larceny for stealing £170; the judge at the Old Bailey sentenced him to seven years penal transportation. See, for instance, Goldfield, David, et al., "Origin of the Movement Around Pope's Army of Virginia, August 1862 by Michael Collie. [99], Let us cross over the river and rest under the shade of the trees. Much of Jackson's education was self-taught. Robert E. Lee's "right arm". Stonewall Jackson. Today, the office is the only plantation structure remaining. His death, perhaps, alters the course of the war itself. Lincoln decided that the defeat of Jackson was an immediate priority (though Jackson's orders were solely to keep Union forces occupied away from Richmond). Amy also requested that Jackson purchase her from a public slave auction and she served the family as a cook and housekeeper. His death proved a severe setback for the Confederacy, affecting not only its military prospects, but also the morale of its army and the general public. [61][62] Jackson also suffered a significant hearing loss in both of his ears as a result of his prior service in the U.S. Army, as an artillery officer. Stonewall Jackson’s death in May 1863 is the stuff of legend, but its true cause remains a matter of medical dispute. [97], The only true rule for cavalry is to follow the enemy as long as he retreats. [73], Jackson had a poor reputation as a horseman. Hill to prepare for action! In this context Barnard Elliott Bee Jr. compared him to a "stone wall", hence his enduring nickname. He was thought to be out of harm's way; but unknown to the doctors, he already had classic symptoms of pneumonia, complaining of a sore chest. [42] He arrived late at Mechanicsville and inexplicably ordered his men to bivouac for the night within clear earshot of the battle. All of which leads back to Kernstown and one of the great causes for speculation in the Civil War. "[53] The night Lee learned of Jackson's death, he told his cook: "William, I have lost my right arm", and, "I'm bleeding at the heart."[54]. In 1770, they moved farther west to the Tygart Valley. Built in 1801, the brick town house at 8 East Washington Street was purchased by Jackson in 1859. ... His servants reverenced and loved him, as they would have done a brother or father. Darkness ended the assault. He was a hypochondriac who had sinus problems and arthritis and stood for long periods of time to keep his internal organs in place, a tiring activity that he believed contributed to good health. The building is open most days seasonally, but the grounds are open daily from sunrise to sunset. The sixth, Emma, was a four-year-old orphan with a learning disability, accepted by Jackson from an aged widow and presented to his second wife, Mary Anna, as a welcome-home gift. The Civil War Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia began on May 1, 1863. In 1842, Jackson was accepted to the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. Stonewall Jackson, byname of Thomas Jonathan Jackson, (born January 21, 1824, Clarksburg, Virginia [now in West Virginia], U.S.—died May 10, 1863, Guinea Station [now Guinea], Virginia), Confederate general in the American Civil War, one of its most skillful tacticians, who gained his sobriquet “Stonewall” by his stand at the First Battle of Bull Run (called First Manassas by the South) in 1861. Bring only one courier, as you will be in view from the top of the hill." She was so strident in her beliefs that she expressed mixed feelings upon hearing of Thomas's death. Other losses from the Battle of Chancellorsville deeply touched Jackson and those to dear to him. Military historians regard Jackson as one of the most gifted tactical commanders in U.S. In 1861, after Virginia seceded from the Union and as the American Civil War broke out, Jackson became a drill master for some of the many new recruits in the Confederate Army. Jackson lives on a farm in Brentwood, Tennessee where his wife Juanita died in 2019. Robert H. Patton, The Pattons: A Personal History of an American Family (New York: Crown Publishers, 1994), 90. Daughter of Stonewall Jackson, wife of William Edmund Christian. With a defeated and disorganized Union Army trying to regroup on high ground near town and vulnerable, Lee sent one of his new corps commanders, Richard S. Ewell, discretionary orders that the heights (Cemetery Hill and Culp's Hill) be taken "if practicable." John Jackson was an Irish Protestant from Coleraine, County Londonderry, Ireland. [52], Upon hearing of Jackson's death, Robert E. Lee mourned the loss of both a friend and a trusted commander. Jackson realized that desire at 3:15 p.m. with Dr. McGuire carefully noting Jackson's last words: "A few moments before he died he cried out in his delirium, 'Order A.P. If all went well, the general would soon board a train at Guinea Station and resume his trip to Richmond and the medical expertise available there. Last updated Aug 26 2016. He was named for his maternal grandfather. The office stood bare, except for a few items in storage, when Jackson's ambulance arrived. He rarely ate much food and often subsisted on crackers and milk. The Chandler house burned at some point after the Civil War, and its shell was dismantled in the early 1900's. It’s one of the best-known stories of the Civil War: Confederate General Thomas J. As an important element of the ideology of the "Lost Cause", Jackson has been commemorated in numerous ways, including with statues, currency, and postage. The Civil War has sometimes been referred to as a war of "brother against brother," but in the case of the Jackson family, it was brother against sister. „Stonewall” (ur.21 stycznia 1824 w Clarksburgu, zm. When his cousin in Clarksburg urged him to return to Aunt Polly's, he replied, "Maybe I ought to, ma'am, but I am not going to." When Jackson died that day, there was a calm and peace among the soldiers. The day had been a horrible one; Jackson, a senior general under Robert E. Lee, had attacked the Union’s right flank, demolishing the XI Corps. [4], Thomas Jonathan Jackson[5] was the great-grandson of John Jackson (1715/1719–1801) and Elizabeth Cummins (also known as Elizabeth Comings and Elizabeth Needles) (1723–1828). Harper's Weekly reported Jackson's death on May 23, 1863, as follows: Jackson's sometimes unusual command style and personality traits, combined with his frequent success in battle, contribute to his legacy as one of the greatest generals of the Civil War. The students mocked his apparently stern, religious nature and his eccentric traits. Thomas Jonathan Jackson was born on January 21, 1824, in Clarksburg, a region of Virginia which is now part of West Virginia. Jackson and French disagreed often, and filed numerous complaints against each other. Because of his inadequate schooling, he had difficulty with the entrance examinations and began his studies at the bottom of his class. Robertson, pp. Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson (1824-63) was a war hero and one of the South’s most successful generals during the American Civil War (1861-65). His contributions to the Confederate Army during the American Civil War cannot be over stated. No space remained in the office, this small room probably housing the baggage for Jackson and his entourage, so the General's wife and child found lodging in the Chandler home. The men who served under Jackson preferred this picture of their general to all others, but Mrs. Jackson never shared their opinion. I do not concern myself about that, but to be always ready, no matter when it may overtake me. Jackson graduated 17th out of 59 students in the Class of 1846. Why did the North Carolina Regiment fire at Stonewall? “Stonewall” Jackson, with a few aides, was in front of Confederate lines scouting the federal position. The rest of Jackson laid in bed for a week before dying from complications of the wounds received. In the journal entries for March 4 and 6, 1863, General Stuart tells Hotchkiss that "Jackson was entitled to all the credit" for the movement and that Lee thought the proposed movement "very hazardous" and "reluctantly consented" to the movement. How did Jackson feel about slavery? I will take a squad of Marines and dig up that spot to prove you wrong! Alas! The Death of Stonewall Jackson Blog entry posted on May 10, 2011 by JD Thomas During the Civil War, Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson (January 21, 1824 – May 10, 1863) was probably the best-known Confederate commander after General Robert E. Lee. The campaign started with a tactical defeat at Kernstown on March 23, 1862, when faulty intelligence led him to believe he was attacking a small detachment. "General", said I, "if you will ride with me, halting your column here, out of sight, I will show you the enemy's right, and you will perceive the great advantage of attacking down the Old turnpike instead of the Plank road, the enemy's lines being taken in reverse. There had been no change in the picture. AKA Thomas Jonathan Jackson. 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